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Fri26th Mar 2010

Female White-tailed Sea Eagle Fiadhna (tag F) continues to explore much of Ireland after leaving her wintering area in the Antrim Hills. A quick look at the map following her journey since leaving Kerry back in August 2009 suggests she has now been to every county in Ireland, north and south, except for Wexford, Mayo, Sligo, and Roscommon!

Her amazing journey saw her finally leaving the Antrim hills on 29 Dec 2009 and moving a short distance west to the Lower Bann River, 4km west of Ballymoney. Here she remained until 8 Feb 2010 when she headed west towards Lough Foyle, roosting that night on Binevenagh Mt., just north of Limavady. The next day she was seen on the Roe estuary (E side of L. Foyle) before moving west to Inishowen, Co. Donegal. Over the next three days she toured Donegal from the west coast near Dungloe (10/2), the Bluestacks (11-12/2), before heading north to Glenveagh (13/2). Amazingly she roosted that night within a short distance of the 2009 Golden Eagle nest. It would have been interesting to have been there to see the reaction of the resident Goldens to this young intruder! The next day was spent in the Glenveagh area before she headed south, crossing back into Northern Ireland on 15/2, roosting near Castlederg, Co. Tyrone, over the next three days.

On 18/2 Fiadhna moved into the Sperrin Mountains east of Strabane, remaining in the uplands until 28/2 when she moved SE, roosting that night on the shore of Lough Neagh south of Ardboe. Next day she moved south along the west shore of L. Neagh, then SSE to roost on the Cooley peninsula, Co. Lough. On 2/3 she headed west then SW into north Co. Meath, south Cavan, to the Longford-Westmeath border. Here she roosted and foraged along the Inny River north of Lough Derravaragh for the next 2-3 days. On 5/3 Fiadhna began to move SSW through Westmeath, Offaly, and into north Tipperary, roosting near Templemore. Next day she continued south then SW to the Galty Mountains, west across south Co. Limerick over the Mullaghareirk Mts. to Castleisland, Co. Kerry, before heading NW to roost on Kerry Head on the N side of Tralee Bay. After almost 8 months away from "home", Fiadhna had come within 20km of the Lakes of Killarney but kept on going. It is hard to believe that she didn?t see a soaring eagle or two over the lakes, perhaps the first she had seen in 8 months, but chose to do some more exploring!

On 7/3 Fiadhna headed north to roost near Asdee in north Kerry. Next day she crossed the Shannon into Clare, followed the west Clare coast past the Cliffs of Moher, crossing Galway Bay from near Black Head and continuing north through Connemara. Over the next 12 days Fiadhna foraged and roosted over a small area of multiple small lakes, bog and forestry south of Maam Cross (apart from one day trip 35km NW to just north of Clifden). On 20/3 she made the big move SW across Galway into Leinster, roosting near Ballyraggat, Co. Kilkenny. Next day she headed east into Carlow then NE into Wicklow, roosting 6km SW of Wicklow town. At present she is still near Wicklow town in an area of mixed farming, apparently causing great interest among the locals (bovines and corvids!) as can be seen from the photo (thanks Brendan!). Here?s hoping Fiadhna keeps safe during this dangerous period for all eagles and kites with the threat of poison out there.

Fiadhna and some interested locals!
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Wed27th Jan 2010

Almost 6 months after his release, male Star continues his love affair with the Sligo coast. Released on 7 August 2009 Star soon began his wandering moving east into Co. Cork, then north into Co. Limerick, before following the River Shannon all the way from Limerick City to Lough Allen. Star made it to the Sligo coast on 22 August, 280 km NNE of his release site in Killarney National Park. Over the next 10 weeks Star took up residence along the coast from Mullaghmore-Streedagh feeding on diverse prey and carrion from gulls to beached dead seals. He made his first move south on 3 November to Lissadell before crossing Sligo Bay on 7 November.

Over the next two weeks Star hung out in the Skreen area west of Ballysadare Bay, mostly frequenting coastal farmland. Unfortunately (or fortunately) Star was picked up in bad condition on 16 November by a local man and taken into care at the raptor centre at Eagles Flying near Ballymote. First impressions were that the bird was hypothermic and might possibly have succumbed to Alphachloralose poisoning, a narcotic poison used mainly to kill crows and which causes death by lowering the body temperature. However, tests were negative and so other possibilities were considered. When Star was found his feathers were apparently saturated and he appeared unable to fly. The previous few days had been very wet and extremely stormy. One possibility was that Star had been in poor condition, was struggling to find food, and extremely wet conditions could have resulted in its debilitated state. However, five days after being found (21 Nov) he weighed 5.2 kilos, a good weight for a male Sea Eagle, which suggests that food was not an issue. Another possibility was some form of oiling. On examination it was clear that Star's body feathers were in poor condition and had an oily feel. Given that Star had previously been seen eating gulls, and fulmars were still common on and near coastal cliffs, oiling by fulmars could have occurred. In fact oiling of Sea Eagles by fulmars has been previously documented. Here is what John Love had to say in his book The Return of the Sea Eagle (1983): "Several of the Rum eagles also leant to catch both gulls and fulmars in flight, the latter seemingly possessed of a suicidal curiosity! Fulmar chicks may be approached as they sit on the nest ledge but the eagle renders itself liable to being spat upon. This foul oily liquid proved the ultimate undoing of one of the Fair Isle eagles." In Scotland today, fulmars are the single most abundant bird item in the diet of Sea Eagles but they may occasionally pose a threat by oiling especially to naive young Sea Eagles.

Star made his return to the wild on 26 November after being released back into the wild. On 22 December he moved back to Maugherow-Lissadell, the 'peninsula' on the north side of Drumcliffe Bay, Co. Sligo. Over the last month Star has been resident in this area where he has become something of a local celebrity as he is often to be seen perched on fence-posts in farmland or flying along the coast. Over the last 2-3 weeks Star has also been spending all or part of the day on offshore islands. Although these islands hold some bird populations even in winter, he may have also discovered a seal carcass or two. The Maugherow-Lissadell area is also home to over 3,000 Barnacle Geese (3,930 in spring 2008, almost a third of the Irish wintering population) which visit the area in winter from their breeding grounds in Greenland. Despite these numbers Star is no threat to the goose population. Apart from being outnumbered 3000/1 (!) barnacles are way too large for the average eagle although weak or injured birds might be of interest. So far we have had no evidence of any interaction between Star and the geese either from personal observation or those of local people. Of greater interest to Star is likely to be rabbits found along the shore. Livestock carrion (dead animals), although important for eagles in the uplands especially in winter, is unlikely to be found in the area. Dairying, dry cattle and sheep rearing are the main farming methods in the area, with lambing indoors and lambs left out at a month old. In the last week I called to local farmers to talk about Star and to hear if they had any concerns. It was great to see the interest farmers had in the bird and feel that farming and conservation can work together. Local schoolchildren are also much enthused about the celeb eagle and I hope to take them out to look for Star soon.

Much thanks must to the following people who have looked out for/after Star in Sligo: Micheál Casey, Pedro Soltani, Kieran Kennedy, Lothar Muschketat, and Ulrike Schwier.

Follow Star's progress on this site by clicking on GPS Data & Maps, then Search Data and Select male Star. Regular updates and photos are also likely to appear on the Sligo birdwatching website at www.sligobirding.com

Star in Sligo
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Wed30th Dec 2009

Male L returns after 8 months and more than 2,700 km!

After 8 months away from Kerry satellite tagged male L finally returned to Killarney in time for Christmas! Male L's epic trip had taken him 1,000 kilometres away to the Orkney Islands off the north coast of Scotland. At one point L was only 450 km from the coast of Norway, over two-thirds of the way back to its country of origin from Kerry!

Male L's trip began on 20 April when he left Killarney at 1200 and travelled north all the way to Co. Sligo, roosting on the shore of Lough Gill just E of Sligo Town. L had covered 260 km in about six hours, an average of 40 km/hour all the way. On the 22nd L headed north again across Donegal Bay and into the Bluestack Mountains in south Donegal. L remained in the Bluestacks for much of the following month, apart from a short trip to the Inishowen Peninsula on 30 April roosting later that day in Glenveagh National Park less than 4 km from an active Golden Eagle nest. Next day L moved a few kilometres NW, and to the coast at Ballyness Bay near Gortahork on 2 May, before heading back south to the Bluestacks. On 19 May L moved NE then east into Northern Ireland roosting that night along the Lower Bann River 9 km SSE of Ballymoney. Next day L again moved east roosting in Ballypatrick Forest 5 km from the Antrim coast. On 21 May L made the short 20 km sea crossing from Antrim to the Mull of Kintyre, Scotland, between 0800-0900. Next day L moved north through Kintyre and Argyll inland from the west coast, roosting in Glen Shiel (200 km NNE of its roost the previous night). On 23 May L moved NW to Loch Carron on the west coast before roosting in the hills nearby, 38 km N. L remained in Glen Carron all next day before heading N to Loch Maree and Loch Ewe, then east along the coast and N through Assynt before roosting on the Kyle of Durness on the north coast of Scotland.

On 25 May L moved east to Loch Eriboll, then east along the north coast into Caithness the next day. L remained in this area until crossing the Pentland Firth on 28 May to Hoy, Orkney, then north to roost on the island of Rousay. Next day L headed N to Westray, one of the most northerly of the Orkney Islands, before retracing his route south to roost on Hoy. On 31 May L crossed back to the Scottish mainland roosting near Dunnet Bay before heading back west on 1 June to the Kyle of Durness where he remained for the next 4 months. During this time L roosted primarily in a small cove on the west side of the Kyle occasionally visiting the north coast as far as Cape Wrath, probably visiting the large seabird colonies along the coast. This area does not hold any breeding Scottish Sea Eagles as yet but whether L spent much or all of these months alone or interacted perhaps with other wandering immature Sea Eagles is unknown.

On 21 September L began his first move away from his summering area, heading SSE to Loch Hope, Strath More on 22nd, then SE to Altnaharra near Loch Navar on the 23rd. L moved a short distance SE to Loch A Choire where he remained on 24-25 September before moving further south over the next few days to Ardgay on the Dornoch Firth where he remained until 7 October. L moved SW to Glen Orrin west of Inverness on 9 October, remaining in this area until the 15th when he headed SW to Glen Cannich. The next day L moved to the west coast at Loch Alsh east of Skye before heading south to Knoydart and Loch Morar. By the 19th L was on the Isle of Mull where he appeared to roost near Loch Ba before moving on south to the Isle of Jura and Islay on 21 October. L remained on Islay until at least 11 November but was next located two days later near Ramelton in north Donegal. After 5½ months male L was finally back in Ireland!

By 15 November L was at Lower Lough Erne, Co. Fermanagh, then near Manorhamilton, Co. Leitrim on the 23rd, and near Lough Ree on the 27th. L continued slowly winding his way south along the Shannon roosting in E Galway 9 km NW of Banagher on 3 December. As this was a short time after major flooding in E Galway and elsewhere along the Shannon it?s likely that L found abundant carrion such as drowned livestock along the way. A week later L was just 9 km further south but had reached Lough Derg near Portumna later that day (10th). By the 15th L was near Scariff, Co. Clare, on the west side of L. Derg, and on the Maigue River north of Adare, Co. Limerick on 17 December. By 1300 on 22 December L was back on Lough Lein, Killarney NP, roosting that night in Glena Bay (although it is likely L was back in Kerry by at least the 18th as GPS or Argos fixes were very irregular due to low light levels in winter).

Male L's epic trip is, to my knowledge, the longest yet recorded for any White-tailed Sea Eagle reintroduced to Ireland or Scotland in the past 34 years (reintroductions began on Rhum, Scotland, in 1975). Although the distance at the furthest point (Westray, Orkney Islands) from the release site at Killarney was 910 km, the minimum distance covered during the trip (not including daily local movements during largely sedentary periods such as May in Donegal and June-September in N Scotland) is estimated at over 2,700 km! It will be interesting to see what male L does now he is back in Kerry and whether he will head off on another big trip in 2010!!

Male L trip (outward in red, return in blue)
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Tue8th Dec 2009

This is my first entry into the blogosphere and I hope to keep any of you interested in the progress of the White-tailed Sea Eagle Reintroduction up to speed with the latest goings on. Today I?ll start with a quick resume of where the project is today. Future entries on this (hopefully) fairly regular blog will focus on the movements of the satellite tagged sea eagles and any interesting eagle facts/fiction.

Ok, just to bring you up to date. In 2009 a further 20 chicks (13 females and 7 males) were collected in Norway in June thanks to the great efforts of our Norwegian friends and eagle experts: Drs. Torgeir Nygård and Duncan Halley, Ole Martin Dahle, Inge Dahlø, Steiner Garstad, Bertil Nyheim, Asgeir Øestvik, Tom Roger Østeraas, Martin Pearson, Frithof Pedersen, and Livar Ramvik. After some weeks in captivity in Killarney National Park (KNP) the birds were released in August. After release we provided food twice weekly for the birds at 2-3 sites (food dumps) for 2 months. In Norway fledgling eagles are fed by their parents for some time after they leave the nest until they become independent and start to leave the nest area. However, here in Kerry our young eagles don?t have their parents to do this so we provide food to help them survive this critical time when they might have problems finding their own food. Although most of the released birds remained near the food dumps for 1-2 months after release, in contrast to previous years almost all had dispersed to some extent by mid-September. Most moved to the Mangerton Mountain area to the south of Killarney. But at least three made long distance movements, two birds within 2 weeks of release and without ever visiting the food dumps.

Movements of satellite-tagged male Star and female F (named Fiadhna) were tracked remotely via the Argos Satellite System. Both birds dispersed away from the KNP on 14 October, a week after release, without apparently feeding. Star moved east into north Cork roosting just south of Mallow on 16 August. On 17 August Star travelled over the Ballyhoura Mountains into Co. Limerick, roosting 4.5 km north of Kilfinane (just 7 km from where I grew up!). Star moved a short distance north into Co. Limerick over the next two days before reaching the River Shannon near Castleconnell, just NE of Limerick City on 20 August. Over the following two days Star moved north along the Shannon roosting south of Athlone (21 Aug), past Lough Ree and Lough Allen, reaching the Sligo coast by 1300 on 22 August. Over the next 2½ months Star remained on the north Sligo coast (280 km NNE) within a very small range (8 km) between Mullaghmore and Streedagh Strand. During that time Star was recorded feeding on gulls and beached dead seals, doing what a sea eagle should do! Star moved south to Lissadell on the north side of Drumcliffe Bay on 3 October before moving south across Sligo Bay on 7 October. Star remained in the Skreen area over the next few weeks (But more of Star later).

Female se eagle Fiadhna left KNP on 14 August moving a short distance north before dispersing east to the Nagle Mts (north Cork), the Knockmeldowns (Tipperary) and Comeragh Mountains (Waterford) on 16 August. The following day Fiadhna headed north past Kilkenny City before roosting that night near Athy, Co. Kildare. Fiadhna remained near Athy on 18 August before heading north into Westmeath the next day. On 20 August Fiadhna continued north into Cavan and Monaghan before turning north-west, crossing into Northern Ireland and roosting 5 km north-west of Armagh City. Next day Fiadhna headed due north along the west shore of Lough Neagh before reaching the north Antrim coast near the Giant?s Causeway (414 km NE). Fiadhna took up residence in nearby White Park Bay for the next two weeks before she moved 20 km ESE into the North Antrim Hills on 7 September. Fiadhna remained in the Ballypatrick area until 20 October before moving west towards Ballycastle then south into uplands east of Ballymoney where she remains at present.

Other big movers have been males 1, 9, and female X (2007 release), female H and male L (2008 release) and female II (2009 release). Female II was seen on the shore of Lough Neagh in Northern Ireland (355 km NE) on 12 October but was found dead nearby 5 days later (more about this anon). Male 1 was last seen on Lower Lough Erne, Co. Fermanagh, in November 2008 but was recently seen again on Lough Corrib, Co. Galway and later at Bellacorrick, Co. Mayo. Male 9 (Ollie) has been faithful to Lough Lein in Killarney ever since he was released apart from a few days in east Cork, but he flew all the way to the Inishowen Peninsula (390 km NNE) in Donegal in April this year. After several weeks in Donegal he returned to Killarney and has been here since. Female X had been missing for some time when she was seen eating a fish on the shore of Loch Poulary (632 km NE) in Glen Garry in the western Highlands of Scotland on 3 February this year. The loch was frozen over at the time but sea eagles are hardy birds! By May X was back in Kerry.

Two others (L and H) spent the summer in Scotland in 2009. Satellite tagged male L left Kerry on 20 April travelling to Sligo (260km NNE) in a day before settling in south Donegal. On 21 May he crossed from Antrim to Kintyre in Scotland travelling north along the west coast to the Kyle of Durness in Sutherland before heading east to along the north coast of Scotland. On 28 May L crossed the sea to Hoy in the Orkney Islands (910 km NE), then on to the islands of Rousay and Westray before returning to Caithness on 31 May. L then retraced his route west before summering on the Kyle of Durness until late September. On 23 September L began moving SE to the Dornoch Firth then SW to the west coast and onto the Island of Mull on 19 October, then onto Jura and Islay. L left Islay on 11-12 of November and was in Donegal on 13 November before moving south into Fermanagh, Leitrim, Roscommon. As of the 3rd December L had moved south along the Shannon into east Galway (see Maps and Tracking).

As far as we know female H is still in Scotland. On 3 August she was found in Glen Artney near Comrie in Pertshire (602 km NE). By 20 September she had moved north into the Cairngorm Mountains where she was seen on the ski-slopes at the Lechtd (minus snow) and later along the River Avon where she may be feeding on salmon (705 km NE). It seems only a matter of time before male L is back in Kerry after his long trip. Hopefully female H will also make it back to Kerry safe and sound sometime in the future. Watch this space!!

Star and Fiadhna movements 2009
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Fri29th Feb 2008

Irish White-tailed Sea Eagle Reintroduction Project
update period Jan-Feb 2008

SUMMARY
By the start of the year, most birds released in 2007 were still largely ?resident? in the Upper Lake-Black Valley area to the southwest of Killarney National Park (KNP), roosting at one of two sites and foraging to the west on the Iveragh Peninsula during the day. Throughout the period most birds foraged over the core Brida Valley-L. Brin-Cloon Lough area up to 25-30klm SWof the release site. By late Feb birds were regularly using a roost site seven kilometers west of the main roost site within KNP. Two birds, tags #1 and #9 remained on the Lower Lake through most of January, bird #9 remained there into February. Bird #7 was recorded in the Ballinskelligs Bay area on 15 Feb. Male tag ð remained undetected away from KNP between 19 December and 8 January when he returned to the park but was also absent for periods after this.

Birds continued to forage over mountain areas to the west of the Black Valley with sheep carrion likely to form most of the bird?s food sources during the period. On 18-19 Feb two birds, male #5 and female #4, were recovered dead on hillside on the Iveragh Peninsula. Poisoning was immediately suspected because of the close proximity of the deaths in time and space. This was subsequently confirmed by lab analysis and is the subject of ongoing investigation. Needless to say, the loss of these two birds is a huge blow to the project. It is hoped that the positive publicity surrounding the deaths of the birds has brought the serious issue to the forefront and concentrated minds so that this threat to the reestablishment and expansion of all scavenger populations (Golden Eagle, Red Kite and Buzzard included) can be greatly reduced or eliminated over time.

Table 1. White-tailed Eagles released in Killarney National Park in 2007. All tags yellow and white on left and right wings respectively. (UL-BV = Upper Lake-Black Valley)

Tag Sex Origin Transmitter Released Last recorded Last location
0 M Vikna B 16-8-07 28-02-08 Black Valley
1 M Storfjorden (Frøya) B 16-8-07 11-02-08 ?
2 M Vikna LOST 16-8-07 12-11-07 Upper Lake
3 F Vikna GPS PTT 16-8-07 6-11-07 Dead
4 F Moldtun-Snillfjord B 16-8-07 15-02-08 Dead 19 Nov
5 M Vobsjøen (Frøya) B 16-8-07 15-02-08 Dead 18 Nov
6 M Frøya T 16-8-07 28-02-08 Black Valley
7 F Flatøya (Frøya) B 16-8-07 28-02-08 Black Valley
8 M Hitra T 16-8-07 28-02-08 Black Valley
9 M Leka B 16-8-07 28-02-08 Black Valley
M Vikna B 29-8-07 28-02-08 Black Valley
X F Kvernøya (Flatanger) T 29-8-07 28-02-08 Black Valley
?: F Halmøya (Flatanger) B 29-8-07 28-02-08 Black Valley
/ F Vikna T 29-8-07 28-02-08 Black Valley
¦ F Storsteinvatnet (Frøya) T 29-8-07 28-02-08 Black Valley


B = backpack, T = tailmount transmitter

FORAGING
Birds continued to forage mainly in the west part of the Black Valley, and the Brida-L. Brin-Cloon area to the west of KNP throughout the period while regularly returning to roost at the W edge of KNP. Males #1 and #9 remained largely resident on the E side of the Lower Lake, perhaps attracted to the area by the presence of spent salmon. Extensive flooding in the area most frequented by the birds gave plenty of undisturbed roosting sites on the many temporarily offshore ?islands?. It is also likely that sheep carrion carried down by the Flesk as well as flocks of mallard, teal, and waders such as Northern Curlew present in the area may have figured in their diet. An eagle was seen successfully catching a small fish in front of the Lake Hotel on 31 Jan (N. Huggard), most likely either #1 or #9, the first observation of fishing by sea eagles since release.

An eagle also flew low over Cummeenduff Lough in the Black Valley on 1 Feb possibly attracted by salmon in the area. Interestingly, despite an apparently good run of salmon on the Upper Lake and eventually in the Gearhameen River in the Black Valley, described as the best for years by locals, no eagles in the area appeared to locate this potential food source. Male #6 was seen chasing a Lesser Black-backed Gull at Cloon Lough on 2 Feb but was unsuccessful. Pellets found at the main roost site were composed entirely of sheep wool and small bones. Up to nine birds were roosting at this site and another 7klm to the west by late Feb.

DISPERSAL
Apart from daily foraging 25-30klm west of regular roost sites in valleys and upland areas, some dispersal outwith this core area was recorded. Bird #7 was located in the Ballinskelligs Bay area at the W end of the Iveragh Peninsula on 15 Feb (48klm SW). Birds #6 and ð were recorded on the Beara Peninsula (25-30klm SSW) on 20 Feb but had returned to roost in KNP that night. Two eagles were reliably reported from Lough Guitane on 24 Feb (P. Tangney) but no birds were located there on 25 Feb. However, male ð was absent from the core area until 8 Jan, last recorded in N. Kerry on 19 Dec. This birds was also absent between 12-26 Jan, 28-31 Jan, 3/5-15 Feb and was not located despite searches throughout the Iveragh Peninsula. Although there were no reports from the public during this period it is likely that this male made some extensive journeys during this period.

MORTALITY
On 18 Nov the body of male #5 (BTO ZZ1661) was recovered after a search of a mountain area SWof the release site. The following day female #4 (BTO ZZ1657) was also recovered dead with 0.5klm of male #5. Necropsy at the Regional Vet Lab, Cork, revealed that both bird were in excellent condition with no trauma detected (weights 4.0 and 6.5kg respectively). Subsequent toxicology tests at the State Lab in Celbridge and Cork Institute of Technology revealed concentrations of Alphachlorolose and Nitroxinil. The former is a legally obtained poison while the latter is a dose for fluke in sheep and cattle (brand name Trodax). Traces of Alphachlorolose were also found in samples from a dead sheep recovered within a few metres of bird #4. The investigation is at present in the hands of the Gardaí in Caherciveen. For this reason any information should be treated as confidential.

INDIVIDUAL WTSE ACCOUNTS

Male YW0: Largely resident in the Upper Lake-Black Valley area throughout the period. Roosted at Blackwater Bridge on the N side of Kenmare Bay (23klm SW) along with female / on 5 Jan. Foraging in the Brida-Brin area on 22 Jan and the Brida Valley on 28 Jan with ?? and /.

Male YW1: Resident along with male #9 on the Lower Lake, KNP, since November 2007, particularly at the mouth of the Flesk River of the east side of the lake. Remained on the Lower Lake until 23 Jan, then the W side of KNP on 24 Jan. Picked up signal on Beara Peninsula on 26 Jan, probably on N side of Kenmare Bay. Back in the Upper Lake- Black Valley area on 28 Jan. Moved back to the Lower Lake by 30 Jan and present there until at least 11 Feb. Not relocated during the period after that date (relocated on 1 Mar on the S side of the Slieve Mish Mts on the N side of Castlemaine Harbour, 23klm NW).

Male YW2: Lost its tailmount transmitter in mid-September. No confirmed visuals during the period but probably part of the main group of birds foraging and roosting in the Upper Lake-Black Valley area (visuals of all birds were very irregular after late Dec). Female YW4:Mostly resident in the Upper Lake-Black Valley area during the period. Seen landing high on summit of Bruach na Binne to the west of the Black Valley along with birds 8, X, and ð on 11 Jan. Foraging in the Brida-L. Brin area on 15 Jan along with birds 6, 8 and ¦á. Also in the Brida Valley area on 15 Feb with birds 6, 9, X, / and ¦á. Recovered dead on 19 Feb in an upland area west of the Black Valley c400m from where #5 had been located the day before.

Male YW5:Mostly resident in the Upper Lake-Black Valley area during the period. Foraging in the L. Brin area on 28 Jan. Located in the Brida Valley on 15 Feb along with birds 6, and 9. Recovered dead on 18 Feb in an upland area west of the Black Valley.

Male YW6:Mostly resident in the Upper Lake-Black Valley area throughout the period. Foraging in the Brida-L. Brin area on 15 Jan along with birds 7, 8 and ¦á. Located at Cloon Lough on 28 Jan. Also seen perched on island in Cloon Lough on 2 Feb when briefly chased a Lesser Black-backed Gull. Located in the Brida Valley area on 15 Feb with birds 7, 9, X, / and ¦á. Signaled SSE of Templenoe on the S side of Kenmare Bay on the Beara Peninsula towards Cummer Lough-BarraduffMountain on 20 Feb (25klm SSW) but had returned to the KNP roost that night.

Female YW7:Mostly resident in the Upper Lake-Black Valley area throughout the period. Missing from 12 Feb until relocated in the Ballinskelligs Bay area at the W end of the Iveragh Peninsula on 15 Feb (48klm SW). Returned to the KNP area by 19 Feb and remained to the end of the period.

Male YW8:Mostly resident in the Upper Lake-Black Valley area during the period. Seen landing high on summit of Bruach na Binne to the west of the Black Valley along with birds 7, X, and ð on 11 Jan. Foraging in the Brida-L. Brin area on 15 Jan along with birds 6, 7 and ¦á. Foraging in the Brida Valley on 11 and 15 Feb. Located at L. Acoose on 18 Feb and the L. Brin area on 20 Feb returning to the KNP roost that night.

Male YW9: Resident along with male #1 on the Lower Lake, KNP, since mid-December 2007, particularly at the mouth of the Flesk River of the east side of the lake. Located on Reen Point on 24 Jan. Moved to the Upper Lake on 12 Feb. Located in the Brida Valley area on 15 Feb with birds 6, 7, X, / and ¦á. Foraging in the Gortfadda area 6klm SW of L. Brin on 20 Feb returning to roost at KNP that night. Not relocated again until 27 Feb.

Male YWð : Last recorded SE of Knockanore Hill in N Kerry on 19 Dec 2007. Finally returned to the KNP area by 8 Jan and remained in the Upper Lake-Black Valley area until 12 Jan. Seen landing high on summit of Bruach na Binne to the west of the Black Valley along with birds 7, 8, and X on 11 Jan. Returned to the Upper Lake-Black Valley area on 26 Jan but gone again by 28 Jan. Returned by 31 Jan but away again between 3-8 Feb. Relocated at Lough Acoose on 15 Feb when watched for some hours perched by the shore. Tracked to the S side of Kenmare Bay on the Beara Peninsula on 20 Feb but had returned to the KNP roost that night. Foraging and landing on Peakeen Mountain, SWof Moll?s Gap, with birds /, ?m, and ¦á on 22 Feb. Remained in the Upper Lake-Black Valley area for the rest of the period.

Female YWX: Located in the Upper Lake-Black Valley area throughout the period. Seen landing high on summit of Bruach na Binne to the west of the Black Valley along with birds 7, 8, and ð on 11 Jan. Located on the S side ofMullaghanatinn to Wof L. Brin on 11 Feb. Located in the Brida Valley area on 15 Feb with birds 6, 7, 9, / and ¦áand later furtherW towards Knocknagapple. Also in the Brida area on 22 Feb and the Cloon area on 22 Feb. Otherwise located at the usual roosts towards the end of Feb.

Female YW? : Located in the Upper Lake-Black Valley area throughout the period with several visuals up to mid-December. Foraging in the Brida Valley on 28 Jan with 0 and /. Foraging and landing on Peakeen Mountain, SWof Moll?s Gap, with birds ð , /, and ¦á on 22 Feb. Visual at Kingsboro Wood on the N side of the Upper Lake on 27 Feb. Female YW/: Located in the Upper Lake-Black Valley area throughout the period. Roosted at Blackwater Bridge on the N side of Kenmare Bay (23klm SW) along with male #0 on 5 Jan. Foraging in the Brida Valley on 28 Jan with ?« and 0 and again on 11, 14 and 15 Feb. Foraging and landing on Peakeen Mountain, SW ofMoll?s Gap, with birds ð , ?, and ¦á on 22 Feb. Located at one of the two regular roost to the end of Feb.

Female YW¦: Located in the Upper Lake-Black Valley area throughout the period. Foraging in the Brida-L. Brin area on 15 Jan along with birds 6, 7, and 8. Located in the Brida Valley area on 15 Feb with birds 6, 7, 9, X, and /. Foraging and landing on Peakeen Mountain, SWofMoll?s Gap, with birds ð , /, and ?Ë on 22 Feb. Located at one of the two regular roost to the end of Feb.

Thanks to the following observers for information/sightings of eagles:
Pascal Dower, Claire Heardman, Niall Huggard, John-Joe O?Connor, Pat Tangney.

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